Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC)

In the PEPFAR context, the term OVC is defined as a child, 0-17 years old, who is either orphaned or made more vulnerable because of HIV/AIDS. Orphan: Has lost one or both parents to HIV/AIDS. Vulnerable: Is more vulnerable because of any or all of the following factors that result from HIV/AIDS: (a) Is HIV-positive; (b) Lives without adequate adult support (e.g., in a household with chronically ill parents, a household that has experienced a recent death from chronic illness, a household headed by a grandparent, and/or a household headed by a child); (c) Lives outside of family care (e.g., in residential care or on the streets); or (d) Is marginalized, stigmatized, or discriminated against. (PEPFAR OGAC 2006)